WHO 2010 WHO 1999
Volume de l’éjaculat ≥ 1.5 mL ≥ 2 mL
Liquefaction time 60 min < 60 min
Semen viscosity 2 cm < 2 cm
pH ≥ 7.2 ≥ 7.2
Nombre de spermatozoïdes par 1 ml ≥ 15×106 ≥ 20×106
Nombre de spermatozoïdes par éjaculat ≥ 39×106 ≥ 40×106
Vitalité ≥ 58% ≥ 75%
Morphologie (formes normales) ≥ 4% ≥ 14%
Mobilité (a+b) ≥ 40% ≥ 50%
Mobilité progressive (a) ≥ 32% ≥ 25%
Leukocytes 1×106/mL < 1×106/mL
MAR-test 50% < 50%

Calculatrice

Numération des spermatozoïdes



Nombre minimum de spermatozoïdes (WHO 2010):
> 624 200
Mobilité (Formes normales)
> 499 200
Mobilité progressive (Formes normales)
---

Volume de l’éjaculat

normospermia - volume normal
aspermia - absence d’éjaculat (ou d’éjaculation rétrograde)
hypospermia - Volume de l’éjaculat < 1.5 mL
hyperspermia - Volume de l’éjaculat > 6 mL
leuko(cyto)spermia, pyospermia - Leukocytes > 1x106/mL

Numération des spermatozoïdes

normozoospermia - normal sperm
azoospermia - no spermatozoa in semen (confirmed after centrifugation)
necrozoospermia - dead or immobile sperms
teratozoospermia - abnormal morphology
asthenozoospermia - reduced sperm motility
asthenoteratozoospermia - reduced sperm motility, abnormal morphology
oligozoospermia - few spermatozoa in semen
oligoteratozoospermia - few spermatozoa in semen, abnormal morphology
oligoasthenozoospermia - few spermatozoa in semen, reduced sperm motility
oligoasthenoteratozoospermia - few spermatozoa in semen, reduced sperm motility, abnormal morphology
cryptozoospermia - "hidden sperm" (spermatozoa found only after centrifugation)
cryptoteratozoospermia - "hidden sperm" (spermatozoa found only after centrifugation), abnormal morphology
cryptoasthenozoospermia - "hidden sperm" (spermatozoa found only after centrifugation), reduced sperm motility
cryptoasthenoteratozoospermia - "hidden sperm" (spermatozoa found only after centrifugation), reduced sperm motility, abnormal morphology
polyzoospermia - high concentration (>250000000/ml)



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